Residential Swimming Pool and Spa Safety - Best Practices
Swimming Pool Requirements
Private swimming pools, hot tubs and spas, containing water more
than 24 inches of water must;
- Be completely surrounded by a fence or barrier at least 48
inches in height above the finished ground level measured on the
side of the barrier away from the pool.
- Gates and doors in such barriers shall be self-closing and
- If the self-latching device is less than 54 inches above the
bottom of the gate, the release mechanism shall be located on the
pool side of the gate.
- Self-closing and self-latching gates shall be maintained such
that the gate will positively close and latch when released from an
open position of 6 inches from the gatepost.
- No existing pool enclosure shall be removed, replaced or
changed in a manner that reduces its effectiveness as a safety
Anti-Entrapment Safety Drain
- Every pool and spa containing a single drain shall be equipped
with a retrofit anti-entrapment safety drain cover.
- The required drain must comply with the American Society of
Mechanical Engineers/American National Standards (ASME/ANSI)
reference number A112.19.8, or the pool or spa shall be shut down
until installation is completed.
The City of Tulsa is committed to the safe use and enjoyment of
pools and spas. Studies show that children are most at risk in
their own backyard when parents believe they are safely inside the
house. Best Management Practices will help protect the area between
the house and pool.
If you are considering having a residential swimming pool, hot
tub or spa, containing water more than twenty-four inches in depth
installed in your yard whether the pool is above ground or
in-ground, a permit is required.
Here are a few safety features that will help protect your
Fencing - In
addition to the perimeter fence surrounding the back yard, a
permanent or temporary fence will isolate a pool from the house.
This will reduce the ability for a child to open a door and wander
into the pool.
Automatic, Power Safety
Covers - An impenetrable cover that is operated by a key
or controlled electronic monitor will completely cover the pool,
blocking access to water.
Door Exit Alarms -
Gives warning when a child opens the door. Door chime/announcer or
home security system can be used for this purpose.
Devices for Doors and Latching Devices for Windows - Keeps
all doors and windows leading to the pool or spa area securely
closed, limiting access by unsupervised children.
Fence Gate Closer and
Latch - Keeps fence gates securely closed, making a pool
or spa inaccessible to a child.
- A wireless detection alarm that sounds when area around pool
perimeter is entered.
Fence Gate Alarms -
Sounds when fence gate is opened.
Pool Alarms - Alarm
placed in pool that sounds upon detection of accidental or
unauthorized entrance into the water.
Child Alarms -
Alarm clipped on child that sounds when child exceeds a certain
distance or becomes submerged in water.
Rope and Float Line
- Placed across pool alerting swimmers to the separation of the
deep and shallow end of the pool.
Life Ring, Shepherd's Crook
(Hook) - All rescue equipment should be placed near the
pool or spa in an easily accessible spot, and should also be in
good condition. These can be used to pull someone in trouble to
Information - Post all CPR, other emergency information,
and warning signs, as well as the 911 phone number (or other
emergency medical service numbers) near the pool or spa.
Outside Telephone -
A cordless or pool-side telephone so children will not be left
unattended while parent or guardian answers the phone.
The City of Tulsa's best management practices for the home pool
or spa provide a healthy, relaxing recreational opportunity for
families in their own backyard. Nevertheless, be aware that any
body of water poses a risk, especially for children under five
years of age. Adult supervision is the only way to prevent